CAP 1400 – this nuclear reactor is to make China a climate-neutral
In 2060 Beijing climate will be neutral. This also includes an Expansion of nuclear energy is planned. With the CAP 1400 China is completely independent from the West.
Many Western countries get out of nuclear energy. In Other Words, China. The extremely ambitious climate goals in the country include the wider use of renewable energy as well as the construction of new nuclear power plants. China’s State Power Investment Corp (SPIC) has now officially unveiled the design of the reactor CAP1400. Here, it is not an uncertain future, technology such as fusion reactors. The CAP 1400 is a classical pressurized water reactor and an enlarged development of the AP1000 reactor from the U.S. company Westinghouse. It is no coincidence that the reactor design was presented, after the Chinese Prime Minister the President had announced Xi Jinping, China wants to be in 2060-a climate-neutral. The CAP 1400 reactors will produce about 1,500 MW electricity. Each reactor can cover the energy needs of 22 million people and is designed for a service life of 60 years.
The reactor of the third Generation
CAP 1400 is considered to be the reactor of the third Generation. The probability of an accident is to be 100-times lower than in the case of models of the second Generation. The biggest challenge in the development of the CAP 1400 was to adapt the foreign technology so that the components of the reactor can be made in China. And not as a copy of the original, but as a stand-alone development. A total of 1052 patents and 6513 applications for intellectual property have been registered in the development of the reactor.
Zheng Mingguang, the main designer of the CAP1400, said that the development of the reactor have broken a number of “technological monopolies”, such as in the case of the main pumps, valves, pressure vessels, steam generators, reactor internals, control rod drive mechanisms, parts, large forging, welding materials in nuclear quality, and other key equipment. There was an “independent construction, and one in China localized production”. Currently, more than 90 percent of the components are made in China. Therefore, the reactors can be sold, even if they are based on a US design, to other countries without the consent of the American manufacturer. In addition, Beijing does so regardless of the restrictions of the US President.
Cost advantage of district heating
In the province of Shandong is already constructed on two CAP-1400-demonstration units. In Parallel, the approval process for the reactor to be running on the Chinese and the international level. The reactors are intended for Export. Hao Hong-Sheng, Director-General of the nuclear energy Department of SPIC, said the technology will be in the global market with a relatively high degree of safety and low cost competitive. In Beijing, it is expected a pencil with a sharp. The power generation cost of the CAP1400 amount to an estimated 6 US cents per kilowatt-hour. A value in China of Solar systems undercut.
So why nuclear power plants? Since Solar and wind energy systems can no longer ensure demand-oriented power supply, it must be a cost added to the creation of the burden for a Back-up solution, for example in the Form of gas-fired power plants. The CAP1400 is profitable, but mainly because he produces next to the current district heating, and at a fraction of the prices of other energy sources. The combination of electricity and heat generation makes the Cap 1400 is financially interesting. The CAP 1400 can be manufactured in series, expect cost the designers a 20 percent reduction in energy.
Access to nuclear technology
The development of nuclear energy has been placed in China after the Fukushima disaster, the first on the ice. Now the nuclear logs power power of attorney. China wants to be get the art piece on growing energy consumption until 2060 climate neutral. At the same time the country wants to remain a production site, and the climate problem is not due to a de-industrialisation to solve. Therefore, it is inevitable that Beijing creates Alternatives to coal.
Added to this is the external Dimension. A nuclear power plant is not an export product like any other. Who can export nuclear power plants makes nuclear alliances. With reactors, such as the CAP 1400 Beijing decides to get independent from the West, which countries have access to nuclear technology.
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